These rapid blood grouping and cross-matching kits are essential during a transfusion.
They are easy to use, economical and ... VITAL!
The right reflex before a transfusion
Blood groups or “blood allotypes” are genetically defined characteristics specific to each individual. In dogs, the existence of blood group factors was demonstrated in the 1960s and multiple systems have been determined since. Among the nomenclatures proposed, that of DEA (Dog Erythrocyte Antigen) is widely used: in general, dogs do not have anti-red blood cell antibodies present in the natural state in their serum. A first transfusion is therefore not very risky in dogs. But during this first transfusion from an individual of a particular blood group to an individual of another group, the recipient can become immune to the donor's blood antigens. If a second transfusion takes place with blood from the same group as the previous donor, in some cases a hemolysis reaction is observed (the immune antibodies destroy the incompatible red blood cells of the donor). It is therefore strongly recommended to type the blood groups of the donor and the recipient before a second transfusion.
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In cats, 3 blood groups have been demonstrated: groups A, B and AB.
In the feline species, unlike the dog, there are natural antibodies against the blood groups present in the serum. 95% of cats in group B have anti-A antibodies which can be the cause of acute transfusion hemolysis even during a first transfusion. 35% of cats in group A present anti-B antibodies which are however less active. Transfusion reactions are frequently severe and immediate in cats, especially when transfusion of blood from group A animals to group B animals.
The prophylaxis of these transfusion accidents is based on a donor-recipient compatibility test with the typing method (determination of the blood group).
This new immunochromatographic assay ideally combines the high reliability of the results of traditional RapidVet-H tests but with greater ease of use.
Indeed, the use of the test is very simple: the migration is activated simply by diluting
the sample with 2 drops of diluent.
Results appear in just 10 minutes!